Joanna Macrae is the director of European Partnerships at GiveDirectly, a US-based NGO that aims to transform international aid by scaling up the use of cash-based programming. She is also a visiting fellow at the Center for Global Development. Joanna is recognised internationally for her expertise in humanitarian policy, research and innovation management. At the Department for International Development (DFID), she led the UK’s contribution to the World Humanitarian Summit, with a focus on humanitarian financing and new approaches to addressing protracted crises. She also established an award-winning programme to accelerate humanitarian innovation and to promote more evidence-based policy and practice. Prior to joining DFID, she headed the Humanitarian Policy Group at the Overseas Development Institute.